A Synology DiskStation can be so much more than a file service. DSM, the DiskStation software, offers countless packages that expand the capabilities of your device.
This is the seventh part in a series on getting started with your NAS: exploring packages that each Synology DiskStation has to offer.
Packages For Your Synology NAS
In this module, you discover what more you can do with your Synology DiskStation beyond storing your files. The DiskStation Manager or DSM on your device is an extensive software environment that mimics your computer or smartphone with countless apps called packages. We are not installing or configure anything, with a few minor exceptions here. Just look around and amaze yourself.
Login to DSM on your DiskStation as an administrator. Open Package Center from the desktop or the Main menu. Please note that non-administrators have no access to the Package Center app.
In the column at the left, you see two items: Installed and All Packages. Click on Installed. Look at the packages that are installed on your DiskStation.
Lookup File Station. You can click on the yellow folder icon or its name, and you are presented with a description of the package. Browse to the bottom and see the installed version and the newest online version listed. If these are the same, you have the latest version.
Use the go back navigate arrow at the top-left corner. Again, locate File Station and click on the Open button. This opens the application when you start it from the desktop or the Main menu. Close File Station and return to Package Center.
Under the Installed package, see if you have OAuth Service installed. As this is installed by default, the chances are high that you have. Go to the Main Menu at the left of the menu bar (four squares icon) and open it. Look for both the File Station (it is there) and OAuth Service (it is not).
Because OAuth is a service that runs in the background and is not an application for the user to use, you won’t find it in the Main menu, although it is installed according to Package Center. Now you know the difference between an application and a service, which start both as a package before they are installed.
What you learn from this is that Package Center shows installed and not installed packages on your DSM. Some packages become applications that you can open from the Main menu or the Package Center app. Other packages do not appear in the Main menu because they are a service that you can stop and start. Some packages contain a combination of service and application, and some contain multiple applications in a single package.
In the future, you might also notice that some packages require other packages to be installed first. Package Center will take care of any dependency. And some packages collaborate with an application on your computer, tablet, or smartphone. You can download the desktop apps from Download Center at the Synology website.
- one package, multiple apps
package: Synology Drive Server
apps: Synology Drive Admin Console, Synology Drive, Synology Drive ShareSync
- one package, dependencies on other packages
main package: Moments
other packages: node.js v12, Synology Application Service, Synology Drive Server
Back in Package Center, click on All Packages in the left column. Browse through the list of packages and scroll back to the top of the page. The packages are divided into Synology and Third-party. See the blue labels in the right pane. The good news is that most of these packages are free of charge or are already paid for when you bought your DiskStation. Please note that some require payment for licensing.
To start making sense from the list of packages, click on the left drop-down list at the top of the page. You see a list of filters like Utilities, Service Component, Surveillance, and so on. Select Backup. Notice the many backup options that your DiskStation has to offer.
Go back to the filter drop-down list and choose Productivity. Again a huge list of packages.
To wrap this up, we are going to install an anti-virus package. While still in the Productivity filter, go to the search bar at the top of the Package Center window. Type in ‘antivirus’ and hit enter. You get two options. Select Antivirus Essential, and the product information page opens. Click on the Install button. The DiskStation downloads the package directly from the internet and automatically installs it, and starts it. As soon as it is ready, the Install button has become the Open button. There is a small triangle at the right of the Open button. Click on it and see the other options. Notice the Uninstall option. This is the way to uninstall and remove a package that you no longer need.
Here is an overview of applications and services to get the idea, no for the sake of being complete. Also, note that available packages depending on the model of your DiskStation.
- Audio Station
- Synology Office
- Migration Assistant
Backup and synchronization tools
- Hyper Backup
Synology Drive Server
- Synology Mail Server
Synology MailPlus (webmail)
Synology MailPlus Server
Mail Station (webmail)
Synology Directory Server (formerly known as Active Directory Server)
- Web Station
Apache HTTP Server
See also the list of packages and categories Synology made:
Paul Steunebrink / Storage Alchemist